Romantic Literary Influence on the Rise of Indian Poetry in English
Mr. Bhavdip Chavda
Department of Communication Skills, MEFGI, Rajkot
(An Excerpt from Ph.D Research)
Indian Poetry in English rose during the nineteenth century when India was a colonised country. Forgotten for a century, today, this poetry has generated new interests with stimulating questions as: what could be reasons and sources that gave birth to completely a new realm of poetry which did not have any predecessors? What could be influences that had positively impacted and enriched the art of poetry writing in a foreign tongue?
With hypotheses to the questions, the present research commences with three major discussions: firstly, discussing the birth of Indian Writing in English, its historical development and its nomenclature. Secondly, by drawing contemporary parallels between India and Europe. Lastly by exploring theoretical aspects of Influence Studies of Comparative Literature. After such prefatory discussions, it closely and critically studies three major Indian poets and their poetry in English in detail. These poets are Henry Derozio, Michael Madhusudan Dutt and Toru Dutt. Each of these poets has completely been studied with the contextual approach leading to highlight English literary influence of Romanticism in individual chapters. The major Romantic perceptions/elements that are highlighted in the Indian poetry are Nature, Supernaturalism, Mysticism, Love, Separation, Medieval and Hellenism, Nationalism, Humanism and Freedom along with the stylistic features of the Romantic poets.
The first generation Indian poets were successful in expressing their passions in a foreign language but they were largely under the dominative spell of English Romanticism. English Romanticism supplemented the rise of Indian poetry in English with their themes and narrative techniques and thus aided it to achieve the poetic excellence.